Macroeconomic performance characterises economic development, indicating economic growth or decline. Based on these measures, price shift trends may be predicted. Thus, it may be said with certainty that publishing of favourable data may lead to considerable and long-term shift in exchange rates. These performance indicators include Nonfarm Payrolls, GDP, Industrial Production, CPI, PPI and a number of other macroeconomic performance indicators.
The date and time of a specific indicator being published are known in advance. There are so-called calendars of economic indicators and major events in the functioning of some countries (noting specific dates or approximate release time). The market prepares for such events. There are expectations and forecasts on the value of a given indicator and its interpretation.
The release of data may lead to sharp exchange rate fluctuations. Depending on how market participants interpret a given indicator, an exchange rate may swing either way. This swing may either reinforce or adjust an existing trend, or even start a new one. A given outcome depends on several factors: the market situation, the economic situation of countries hosting the currencies, prior expectations and attitudes, and, finally, the value of a given indicator.